STEM is an acronym referring to the fields of study science, technology, engineering, and mathematics. The term is typically used in addressing education policy and curriculum choices
in schools from kindergarten through college to improve competitiveness in technology development. In the United States, the acronym began to be used in
education and immigration debates in initiatives to begin to address the perceived lack of qualified candidates for high-tech jobs. It also addresses concern that the subjects are often taught
in isolation, instead of as an integrated curriculum. Maintaining a citizenry that is well versed in the STEM fields is a key portion of the public education agenda of the United
States. The acronym has been widely used in the immigration debate regarding access to United States work visas for immigrants who are skilled in these fields. It has also become
commonplace in education discussions as a reference to the shortage of skilled workers and inadequate education in these areas.